Chinese Astrology 12-Branch
Symbols Come From?
Ancient China was an agricultural society. Most Chinese
were farmers. They needed a calendar to tell them when to sow, to cultivate,
to reap and to store the crop.
They learned the calendar simply to
upright a post on the ground to
trace the shadow of the post. From the shadow, they know the four
directions, four seasons, the length of the year, Summer Solstice, Winter
Solstice, Vernal Equinox, Autumnal Equinox and so on.
More information about Yin Yang is at the page of
Where does Yin Yang Symbol come from?
The most basic and important factor in the shadow is Yin Yang. The energy of
Yang in the air is called Yang Chi and the energy of Yin in the air is called
Daylight is getting longer and night time is getting shorter
from Winter Solstice to Summer Solstice. That means Yang Chi begins to
grow and Yin Chi begins to decline from Winter Solstice till Summer
Night time is getting longer and daylight is getting shorter from
Solstice to Winter Solstice. That means Yang Chi begins to decline and Yin
Chi begins to grow from Summer Solstice till Winter Solstice.
Yang Chi and Yin Chi are even on Vernal Equinox; Yin passes
its duty to Yang at this time. Yang Chi and Yin Chi are also even on Autumnal
Equinox; Yang leaves its duty to Yin at this time.
Based on the rise and fall relationship of Yin Yang,
Chinese divided a year into three Yang periods and three Yin periods. The
first Yang is cold. the second Yang is windy, and the third Yang is hot.
The first Yin is fiery, the second Yin is wet, and the third Yin is dry. These
concepts are applied to Chinese medicine later.
They used one to stand for the sky, which is Yang and used two to
stand for the ground, which is Yin. Therefore Yang has its symbol
and Yin has its symbol .
Later, Chinese divided the year into six Yang periods and six Yin
Six Yang periods are , ,
The symbols tell that Yang Chi is rising. Six Yin periods are ,
and . All these symbols are part of the
I-Ching. The symbol, a series of six lines, is called Hexagram in I-Ching. When using
for calendar symbols, these hexagrams carry the weather
Applying six Yin and Yang periods on the the life cycle of plant, Chinese
developed 12 Chinese pictographic characters as another counting system in the
following. These 12 characters were then borrowed into the Chinese calendar. Chinese call them 12 Branches.
A Hexagram is a combination of two trigrams. There are total of eight
trigrams. The total combination of hexagram is 64.
||Group (Type) |
|1 White|| Kan||Water||Water||Eastern|
|2 Black|| Kun||Earth||Earth||Western|
|3 Green|| Chen||Thunder||Wood||Eastern|
|4 Green|| Sun||Wind||Wood||Eastern|
|6 White|| Chien||Heaven||Metal||Western|
|7 Red|| Tui||Lake||Metal||Western|
|8 White|| Ken||Mountain||Earth||Western|
|9 Purple|| Li||Fire||Fire||Eastern|
Chinese Pictographic Characters -
Where does the Yin Yang Symbol come from?
More Yin Yang Symbols at
Yin Yang Mania
Home of Chinese Fortune Calendar